Everyone learns differently and there are many ways to study. Your child will come to understand what works best for them as they fall into one of four learning types: Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing, and Kinesthetic. By tapping into your child’s learning type, you can help them grasp new concepts and ideas easier. It’s no different than when they are learning how to spell.
If your child is a visual learner, it means they need to see physical representations of information for it to stick. Promoting self-correction is a great way to get these kids to learn spelling before you ever have to say a thing. Have them write their vocabulary words down on paper, and instead of correcting their mistakes, have them look at the words and identify which are spelled wrong.
Once they have made the proper corrections, have them recite the word while looking at the correct spelling. Ask your child to then close their eyes and visualize the words as they remember what they looked like written down, then have them spell the words out loud.
One of the most effective ways to teach children how to spell is to help them develop phonemic awareness. By learning phonics, children don’t just memorize spelling, they understand the sounds letters make and the reason behind the spelling of each word. Your child should already be learning this in school, but it’s important to reinforce the concepts at home too.
Have your child sound out words independently, and if they know the word each letter is supposed to make, spelling will be all the easier. As learners who like to hear information out loud, try recording them sounding out words and then play it back for them and have them spell the words.
Children who learn best by writing information down or reading it are considered reading and writing learners. If this is how your child learns best, it’s important to use reading and writing in conjunction with one another. The most common method is to have them write the word several times over so they learn every component of a word, then ask them to read the word to show them what it looks like completed.
Another method of learning for these children is through a system called “trace, copy, recall,” where your child will trace a words on paper, copy it over while looking at it, and then try to recall the proper spelling on their own. This method helps them remember through steps, instead of expecting them to simply commit the word to memory. You can also have them incorporate their spelling list into a story. By rereading what they wrote, it will help put the words in context and allow recollection to come easier.
Kinesthetic learners like a hands-on approach, which means you can turn spelling into fun interactive games. Provide these children with tools they can use to help remember spellings, come test time. Index cards can be used by having them match syllables to create new words. Playing the boardgame Scrabble can also help teach your child how to put letters together and create new words. Another great way to get these kids to remember is to introduce the method of bouncing a ball or clapping their hands while spelling. These practices will help them remember the spelling through the recollection of the rhythm created while studying.